Facts from Wikipedia
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s.8 Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")11 out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.11
The straight sections of plumbing systems are called "pipes" or "tubes". A pipe is typically formed via casting or welding, whereas a tube is made through extrusion. Pipe normally has thicker walls and may be threaded or welded, while tubing is thinner-walled and requires special joining techniques such as brazing, compression fitting, crimping, or for plastics, solvent welding. These joining techniques are discussed in more detail in the piping and plumbing fittings article.
Self-repairing ruptured pipe
Manual repair is a way to get rid of the fault, which is used by many of us. Often it can be done very easily, but if they relate to the hydraulics, better be careful. It is not easy to replace a broken pipe or repair the faulty seal, because in this case a better choice would call good service hydraulic, who will do everything professional and efficient. Such companies can now find almost everywhere, so instead undertake to repair the personal risk and higher costs, it is better to entrust this task good art. It is they who fix everything as it should, without causing additional problems.
Clogged sink - What to do?
Even though we landed on the moon and are able to comunicate freely across the globe in real time, we still are sometimes stumped by mundane things like clogged pipes - what do we do then, in our hi-tech, modern times?
The same thing as always - call in the plumber. There maybe quicker and cheaper solutions, of course - but unless you are sure that drain cleaner isn't going to melt your pipes, or actually just do what it is supposed to, it is better to leave it to professionals.
There are some things, in the pipes, that you don't want to see - trust me on that. Besides, expert plumber can always recommend what to do, to avoid this kind of situation, and which products to use if need be.
Other than that, it usually takes something more sophisticated than a plunger, to get rid of the clog - if you even have that to begin with. So don't fret, or take this as an insult to your aptitude, and contact with plumbing services.